People are more than willing to share parenting advice, especially about controversial topics like whether or not your child is ready to enter kindergarten.
My son turned five this summer, but we made the tough decision to “academically redshirt” him, or hold him back in school. Instead of attending kindergarten as a five-year-old, he’ll attend our school district’s young fives program for a year. He’ll then enter kindergarten when he’s a more mature six.
How to Make the Decision to Hold Your Child Back
Think about the reasons you want to redshirt your kindergartener
Deciding to redshirt your kindergartener isn’t an easy process. Many more parents are choosing to hold their five-year-olds back now than in generations past, but there are still many issues to consider. Some of the most common reasons to hold a child back are:
- Academic. If your child is struggling with common preschool tasks such as using scissors or holding a pencil, you may feel that redshirting your child will give them more time to prepare for school.
- Physical. If your child is small, you may consider holding him back to give him an advantage, especially in athletics.
- Emotional. If your child is exceptionally shy or doesn’t play well with others, you may want to hold him back to expose him to more academic settings. Has your child had a chance to interact with other children, as well as adults, in order to prepare him for the fast-paced school setting?
Decide if your is child ready for school
One of the first things you should do when making a decision about whether to hold your child back is think about your child. Question whether your child is ready for school. Some issues that you may want to consider are:
- Has your child attended preschool or participated in an academic environment such as classes at the library?
- Is your child able to problem solve and play cooperatively with other children?
- Can your child successfully complete “typical” kindergarten activities such as:
- cut with scissors
- write his name
- read common sight words such as “dog” and “go”
- count to ten
- listen attentively to a story for ten minutes?
Get a second (or third or fourth) opinion
After a lot of discussion within my family, I also sought out the opinions of people who knew my son, as well as his future teachers. Before making your decision, you may want to visit the school and speak with the following people:
- your child’s preschool teachers
- teachers and principals in your child’s new school
- your child’s physician, especially if your child has any developmental or physical delays
- other parents with older children in your school district
Find out what the experts say
I researched my heart out. I fully expected the research to support my decision to base my son’s academic readiness on his birth month, but I was surprised by the statistics. Although some research indicated that children who had been academically redshirted were statistically more likely to succeed in school, the numbers were smaller than I expected. One University of California, Santa Barbara, study found the following statistics:
- Elementary school: older children score four to twelve percent higher than their younger classmates on math and science exams.
- Middle school: older students score two to nine percent higher than their younger peers.
- High school: older children are approximately twelve percent more likely to attend college than their peers.
While many studies demonstrate the benefits of holding young children back, parents should assess their reasons for redshirting their children. If the child is emotionally, physically, and mentally ready for school, the young child may benefit from attending class with older, more mature classmates. One study found that while older children scored higher than their younger classmates, as they progressed through school, the younger students eventually caught up. Studies have also shown that younger students benefited more than older students in each grade level.
Make your decision
In the end, the decision to hold your child back in school or send him early is ultimately up to you, the parent. You know your child’s intellectual, emotional, and physical readiness better than anyone else. The studies vary on whether redshirting your child actually makes a difference. Rather than basing your decision solely on your child’s birth month, make sure that you consider your child’s maturity and academic readiness. While you want to give your child every advantage in life, he may surprise you by accepting the challenge and outperforming his older classmates.
If you’re on the fence about sending your child to kindergarten, make sure you think about your options, your child’s kindergarten readiness, talk to your child’s teachers, and think about the research before making your decision.